Beta vulgaris (Amaranthaceae family)

Growing calendar.


Beetroot growing calendar


  • Can be sown earlier (F) outdoors with protection (cloches, fleece)
  • Can be sown indoors in seed startes (late winter) and then planted out under protection





Basic plant info & growing requirements.



Life cicle & growing season.

Cool season

  • Biennial grown as an annual
  • Cool season

Edible parts.


  • Root
  • Leaves


Easy, suitable for beginners

  • Easy, suitable for beginners!



Sunlight full

  • Full


Water medium

  • Medium


Neutral pH & sandy soil

  • pH: 6.5 – 7
  • Light & fertile soil
  • Not too much nitrogen
  • High in phosphorus

How to sow / plant.

How to sow

  • Sow: 1-2 seeds (most varieties come in clusters) every 8-10cm, 2-3cm deep, in rows 30 cm apart

How to plant

  • Plant: 8-15cm among plants, in rows 30cm apart


  • Keep the soil moist by mulching
  • Remember to water during dry spells
  • Remove weeds regularly

Pest & diseases.

  • Relatively trouble free

Good association with.


Bad association with.


Crop rotation.

Crop rotation guide coming up soon!



Special considerations.

 Can be grown in pots!
 Watch out with bolting
 Half-hardy: It tolerates light frosts
 To facilitate germination, soak the seeds in water a day before sowing
 Thinning (very carefully): when the seedlings are about 5-7cm high, leave the strongest one every 10cm (you can eat the removed ones’ leaves in salad)
 For regular harvest, sow every 15-30 days

 Water daily until the first leaves sprout
 Lack of water ==> woody roots and excess of water ==> leaves at the expense of roots
 Pick some leaves from each plant (not all the leaves at once). You can eat the younger leaves raw and cook the larger ones
  For best taste harvest before the roots reach tennis-ball size (as they  grow you can actually see the roots)
 You can harvest in late fall and store for winter


References and further information.


This is an easy to follow basic growing guide for those who are new to vegetable gardening. Adapt these broad guidelines to your local weather conditions and your plot’s characteristics. Remember, gardening is not an exact science!


To ask advice, comment and share about sowing/planting/harvesting dates, best plant varieties for your plot… what’s better than connecting to other growers in our Greenius gardening community?



 Join Greenius!







Our sources:

  • Hamilton G., 2011. Organic Gardening. DK Publishing, New York.
  • Klein C., 2007. Grow your own veg (RHS). Mitchell Beazley, Great Britain.

Image sources: